Dr Nagarathna, in this episode of Arogyave Bhagya, speaks about the infections that affect the Central Nervous System. She discusses all the necessary details of the disease at length; she specifically talked about risk factors and interventions keeping in mind the importance of awareness.
Generically known as ‘brain fever’, this infection can affect any part of the central nervous system. The CNS consists of the brain, the spinal cord, the meninges and the cerebrospinal fluid. The symptoms of the disease include fever, headache, vomiting, neck pain, drowsiness and confusion. These might be exhibited in varying patterns and the infection could either be acute or chronic. Acute infections could fatally escalate within 24 hours, while the chronic ones could gradually infect the CNS in three to four weeks.
The diagnosis is conducted by collecting and testing a sample of the cerebrospinal fluid for the infection. It might be caused due to various factors, such as severe infection of the ear, nose or throat by bacteria, fungi or parasites.
In some cases, the infection leaves behind a certain morbidity which affects the person for a very long time. The intensity of this depends on the area of the brain which is affected by the disease. Early intervention is essential when it concerns this condition since it has the potential to become fatal. Vaccinating children under the age of 2 years can help prevent certain types of bacterial meningitis. The doctor strongly recommends practising healthy habits such as consumption of properly cooked meat and maintaining hygienic surroundings. Prevention, undoubtedly, is always better than cure!
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