Makkala Nyaya Makkala Rakshane: In Child Protection, What Do ‘Fit Facility’ and ‘Fit Person’ Mean?

In this episode of Makkala Nyaya Makkala Rakshane, Lakshmi Prasanna from APSA explains terms like ‘Fit Facility’, ‘Fit Person’, and other related concepts.

Section 51 of the JJ ACT explains very clearly that “registered”, with reference to child care institutions or agencies or facilities managed by the State Government, or a voluntary or non-governmental organisation, means observation homes, special homes, place of safety, children’s homes, open shelters or Specialised Adoption Agency or fit facility or any other institution that may come up in response to a particular need, or agencies or facilities authorised and registered under Section 41, for providing residential care to children, on a short-term or long-term basis.

A ‘Fit Person’ is someone who has the capability to take care of a number of children at the center. The Board or the Committee shall, after due verification of credentials, recognise any person fit to temporarily receive a child for care, protection, and treatment of such child for a specified period and in the manner as may be prescribed. The Board or Committee, as the case may be, may withdraw the recognition granted under sub-section (1) for reasons to be recorded in writing.

When identifying a Fit Person, many things need to be cross-checked because this person or the center will play a major role in the lives of children who stay there.

The children in need of care and protection may be placed in foster care, including group foster care for their care and protection through orders of the Committee, after following the procedure as may be prescribed in this regard, in a family which does not include the child’s biological or adoptive parents or in an unrelated family recognised as suitable for the purpose by the State Government, for a short or extended period of time.

The selection of the foster family shall be based on the family’s ability, intent, capacity, and prior experience of taking care of children. The foster family shall be responsible for providing education, health, and nutrition to the child and shall ensure the overall well-being of the child in such manner, as may be prescribed.

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