Dialogues on Waste: Ep 2 & 3- All about the BBMP SWM ByeLaws 2020

On 8th April, 2016, the Ministry of Environment,Forest and Climate Change notified the Solid Waste Management Rules 2016. Section 15 of the Rules details Roles and responsibilities of the local authorities and an important clause is framing the bye laws, incorporating the provisions of the Rules, within one year of the notification of the Rules and ensuring timely implementation.

The BBMP  Solid Waste Management ByeLaws were notified on June 4th 2020, and this sets the tone for the implementation and compliance with Solid Waste Management Rules 2016. There have been many questions around the enforcement, and there many interpretations around the same.So, what are the Solid Waste Management Bye Laws? When was it notified? What does it contain? In this episode we  hope to simplify the byelaws.

Pinky Chandran, Sandya Narayanan and Anuradha Govind speak with BBMP Special Commissioner (SWM & AH), & Zonal Commissioner for Mahadevapura, Mr. Randeep D and Executive Engineer Hemalatha to decode the byelaws, in a two part series.

In this series the following questions have been answered:

Segment 1:

  1. What are the BBMP SWM Bye-laws applicability and its importance for dealing with the issue of Solid Waste Management in the city? What is the extent of application of the Bye-laws, within the  BBMP jurisdiction both from generation to disposal?
  2. Chapter 1 of the Bye Laws covers the definition of some of the common questions around who is a Bulk Waste Generator,  what is Bulky Waste and Domestic Hazardous Waste, what is the difference between a dry waste collection center and material recovery facility? Or who are shuchi mitras and what is a ward micro plan? Questions around service charge /fee and user fee dominate, For the purpose of the show today, we will go chapter wise and understand the differences and details of each. 
  3. Chapter 2 of the  Bye-law states only Bin-to-bin or Bin-to-Auto, and  NO plastic bag allowed. .. for any stream of waste. The question, given the pandemic should we read it as Bin-to yellow chlorinated bags for sanitary/domestic hazardous waste? If yes, where does one obtain the same and when should it be used?
  4. The Bye laws , mention colour coding for Bins under Section 3 of Chapter 2 Where is that applicable?
  5. Does it mean it is applied to waste generators at household levels -Residential ? Or are they specifically for shops in Commercial areas? Or is it applicable in public spaces?
  6. The Byelaws statethat Bulk Generators must  have common receptacles. What are common receptacles? How will this message be communicated to the BGs? 

For the benefit of our listeners, Here  are some  key takeaways from this segment

  • Every waste generator including bulk waste generator will be required to segregate waste into 4 categories- Wet, Dry, Domestic Hazardous including Sanitary waste and C& D
  • No lining whatsoever to be used for wet waste
  • All dry waste must be rinsed, cleaned and dried before handing it over
  • Sanitary waste to be wrapped in pouces provided by manufacturers or in newspaper bag 
  • In the light of the pandemic yellow bags are not to be procured by citizens but are available with the BBMP collection vehicles

Segment 2:

  1. Chapter 3, talks about Collection, Transportation and Disposal of Waste, in case of a multi dwelling unit, the pick up point will be the  entry gate or designated location on the ground floor. Can you explain that?
  2. For the benefit of our listeners, can you define bulky waste?
  3. The bye law mentions kiosk collection. What does that mean and where will it apply and who will set it up and manage it? 
  4. How will small quantities C&D Waste from Home , Street sweeping , grass cutting, c&D waste from infra work/repair  etc, be cleared by the BBMP?
  5. Can you briefly explain  the colour coding of the vehicles?  Is it by service providers  ( the d2d contractor, dwcc operator, BG service provider) or by waste streams?
  6. Can you clarify between a transfer station  and a secondary point?

Quick key takeaways from this segment:

Given that characterisation,  composition and streams of waste differ, so do the destinations for processing and hence it is important that we segregate waste to ensure that it is transported in a segregated manner and proceed accordingly.

And to borrow from Mr. Randeep’s statement – ‘Remember if you mix it we can’t fix it’ . It will all end up in a landfill and as they what goes around comes around, it will come back to haunt us, so the mantra segregate, segregate, segregate waste

Segment 3:

  1. Chapter 4  talks about processing and disposal – in this context, a common comment that we often hear or is reported  is that my ward does not have a DWCC. May I request that you  clarify,  in wards that don’t have  a DWCC, the process? Is renting a space permissable?
  2. In the bye-law there is a Deposit Centre for Domestic Hazardous Waste, can you explain what is the BBMP’s plan for this? It also talks about incineration of sanitary waste, where will this be processed, at  existing facilities or is this something that is too created?
  3. How does BBMP plan to process these streams such as Tender coconut, sugarcane, excess leaf litter,as mentioned in the bye-law?
  4. Are  all markets classified as bulk generators? Do they need to have their own service provider?
  5.  In Chapter 2, It is mentioned in the Bye-law that premises that produce meat, fish, etc as a result of commercial activity shall be stored in separate bins. Can you explain how this stream is planned to be handled and how will BBMP ensure commercial entities get to know about this new method of waste handling?
  6. Chapter 4.5  On Disposal of Legacy Waste, states that bioremediation or capping  current dumpsite,  will have to be carried out within three years of the notification of these bye-laws. Can you briefly mention the sites identified? 

Dialogues on Waste: Ep 3- All about the BBMP SWM ByeLaws 2020 – Part 2

Segment 1

  1. Chapter 5 is on welfare of pourakarmikas and integration of informal waste worker, and while  it is heartening to see many measures listed in the Bye-law for welfare of waste workers, can you explain what initiatives are being taken to implement on the ground? And who is the designated officer in BBMP who is responsible for this?
  2. The new DWCC MOUs for dry waste mananement, has to some extent already implemented the requirements of the bye laws.  Can you explain  to listeners how waste pickers and informal waste workers integrated in the dry waste management? 
  3. How will the BBMP identify Bulk Generators ( BG) ? How will BGs get to know this and how will  BBMP monitor their compliance?  What is the mechanism planned? Please also clarify Please clarify the Schedule II of the Bye laws- onAnnual return  Self declaration and Annual Reports applicable for the BGs
  4. For events and public gatherings , can you please elaborate on the Refundable Cleanliness Deposit? In whose name should the cheque be made out to? What is the procedure for calls for solidarity or protests? Because in these cases it is difficult to estimate the number of people And how does the BBMP plan to raise awareness?
  5. Chapter 9 talks about the ‘Duties of ward committee and Shuchi Mitras’, Can you provide an overview of the same?
  6. Chapter 10 of the bye laws are on SWM Cess and User Fee. And that’s on everyone’s mind. Can you briefly explain the same? To whom does it apply? And how will that be actioned? How does BBMP plan to collect the user fees and when can this be expected to be rolled out in the city? What is  a Service fee and how has the  BBMP fixed a range for that?

Segment 2

  1. Chapter 11 is on the Non compliance of Bye-Laws, Spot Fines and Penalties and Chapter 12 talks about other responsibilities of BBMP, including Ward micro plan and IEC. Please highlight some essential points which our listeners should know. When and how will the implementation of fines and penalties be implemented? Where does the fine money go? Is it utilized for SWM processes in the ward or will it go to a general pool?
  2. A quick question on the Ward Micro Plan, given that I am a ward committee member,   How is  BBMP planning to  communicate the details? Is it through the BBMP website, social media channels or any general media? Basically how will information be made available?
  3. On regular cleaning and street sweeping – Who is responsible for this?  Is it  the contractor who is collecting wet waste in D2D collection?
  4. On the SWM Cell- Are there any changes in the organisation of the SWM cell from the way it’s operating today, based on the bye law?
  5. The Bye-laws talk about publicity and citizen information service. What kind of IEC and Outreach is the  BBMP planning to  engage in from a city wide approach? An important component of the Swachh Bharat is also IEC- including street arts  and other publicly displayed information. Are there plans for integration?

Listen in for more details:

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